Project | Essays and Researches


PROJECT | ESSAYS AND RESEARCHES is an Open Access Publishing Series, which aims to contribute to the growth and dissemination of knowledge in the themes covered by Architecture, Engineering, and (product and visual) Design. Therefore, the Publishing Series represents a scientific place where Authors, who have carried out original research, can find an opportunity to spread their papers. Each book includes essays and research works on a specific theme, unpublished works and not for publication with other publishers. The Publishing Series through its Scientific Committe promotes and monitors double-blind peer review operations as a method of selecting articles, providing a mandatory form for reporting. The papers will be published in English so that they can be placed in the widest range of international research. Founding principles of the Publishing Series are the originality and relevance of the papers, the rigor of the methodology, but also the easy access and wide dissemination of the articles; furthermore the Publishing Series is open to speculative empirical and descriptive research, about phenomena that present new characters, at least for certain important features.



Published articles will be inserted in one of the following sections: ‘Architecture’ (architectural and interior design, urban planning, engineering, technology, history, recovery, restoration, exhibition and museum design, representation) and ‘Design’ (for industry, crafts and communication) and will be classified into the following categories: ‘Essays & Viewpoint’, ‘Research & Experimentation’, ‘Review Articles’ or ‘Dialogues’.



The Publishing Series adopts an anonymous review of the papers of one or more Authors by two Referees. 

For ‘Research & Experimentation’ proposals, through the criteria of: originality (what is being expressed for the first time and for whom); essay and research references (the background of the study), relevance to theme, subjects involved, financing; results (analytical aspects and proposals for discussion); limitations of research and significant developments; cultural, practical and/or socio-economic implications, wherever present. For ‘Essays & Viewpoint’ and ‘Review Articles’ proposals through the criteria of: object and aim of the proposed article; originality: what is being expressed for the first time and for whom; methodological approach; essay and research references that reveal the background of the study; analytical aspects and proposals for discussion.

The evaluation procedure is performed through a ‘double-blind peer review’, during which the papers to be examined is sent to two different Referees. The Authors never know the name of the Referees who have examined their work. The Scientific Director identifies, for each paper submitted, the Referees for their specific competence. In the paper sent to the Referees all references that may attribute the authorship to the Author (any notes, bibliographical references, location, search links, etc.) are deleted. Referees at the same time receive an evaluation sheet of the paper to be filled in, which includes: evaluation criteria, acceptance options (with minor changes, major changes) or unsuitability to the publication, final score, comments for Authors, notes for the Scientific Director, and reasons for any refusal.

The proposal paper should be obtained unanimously by both Referees, both in the case of acceptance or refusal; in the event of a discrepancy between the two opinions, the paper is sent to a third Referee, whose evaluation will enable to obtain over-all decision (2 out of 3) which will be decisive for the decision on the publication. The Referees who, together with the acceptance of the paper, also provided comments and notes, help with their advice to improve the subject of the assessment.

The Evaluation and Guidelines of the Referees are communicated to the Author or Authors who proceed to the final writing of the paper according to the format requested by the Scientific Director. The final decision is the Scientific Director’s.



PROJECT | ESSAYS AND RESEARCHES is a Full Open Access Publishing Series, in the sense that it guarantees that no user, no university Library nor individual Reader, will have to pay a pay-per-view fee in order to have access to the published contents, this on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a widest global exchange of knowledge.

All papers are available on the internet to all users immediately upon publication.

PROJECT | ESSAYS AND RESEARCHES is published under a Creative Commons Attribution Licence 4.0 (CC-BY).

This license allows anyone to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute and/or copy the final version of the papers. The works must be properly attributed to its Author(s). It is not necessary to ask further permissions both to the Author(s) or Publisher, although you are kindly requested to inform the Publisher for every reuse of the papers. Authors who publish on PROJECT | ESSAYS AND RESEARCHES Publishing Series maintain the copyrights.



In order to cover the costs of running the books, the Promoter DEMETRA Ce.Ri.Med. has decided to avail itself of a contribution from the Authors of the individual papers; they are, therefore, invited to contribute financially towards the editorial services (APC – Article Processing Charge), only if the contributre is accepted for publication, after the peer-review process and any potential revision of the manuscript. The contribution for Authors of a single paper is set at: € 150,00 for DEMETRA Ce.Ri.Med. Members; € 200,00 for others. In the case of paper written by more Authors, the article publication fee will be increased by € 50 for each corresponding Author in addition to the first one.

The fee must be paid in accordance with the directions that will be sent to Authors at the same time as the communication. The fee must be paid via bank transfer:


UNICREDIT Bank, Viale della Libertà, Palermo (IT)

IBAN: IT 06 T 02008 04638 000104623621

Swift/BIC: UNCRITM1856.



PROJECT | ESSAYS AND RESEARCHES is a peer-reviewed Publishing Series that is inspired by the Best Practice Guidelines for Editors, the Ethical Code of Publications developed by COPE Committee on Publication Ethics. All parties involved – Authors, Directors, Editors and Referees – must know and share the ethical requirements below. The submission of a paper to the Publishing Series or the participation as a member of the Scientific Committee implies the acceptance of the following.


Duties of Scientific Directors and Scientific Committe

Decisions on Publication – The Scientific Director is solely responsible for the decision to publish the papers submitted. The Scientific Director may confer with other editors or reviewers (or society officers) in making this decision. In his decisions, the Scientific Director is required to respect the strategies and the editorial setting of the Publishing Series; he is also bound by the applicable laws on defamation, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The Publishing Series adopts the scientific evaluation system of articles that is internationally known as peer-reviewing. Each text is assigned to be read by two referees anonymously (double-blind peer review). The responsible for the Review Process is the Scientific Director. Referees are identified according to a criterion of competence and high qualification in the field.

Correctness – The Scientific Director and the Scientific Committe evaluate the articles proposed for publication based on their content without discrimination of race, gender, sexual orientation, religion, ethnic origin, citizenship, the political orientation of Authors, as well as their didactic belonging, encouraging responsible behaviour and discouraging bad conduct. If the Scientific Director and/or the Scientific Committe find or receive reports of errors or inaccuracies, conflicts of interest or plagiarism in a published article, even after years of its publication, they will promptly notify the Author and the Publisher, undertaking the necessary actions to clarify the issue and, if necessary, withdraw the item or post a retraction.

Conflict of Interest and Transparency – Scientific Director and Scientific Committe undertake not to use in their own research the content of an article proposed for publication without the Author’s written consent. Papers submitted by the Scientific Committe for Publication are subject to the same assessment procedure, that will be anonymous and objective. Articles in sponsored media should only be accepted on the merits and readers’ interest and not be affected by commercial considerations.

Quality – Scientific Director and Scientific Committe periodically evaluate the peer review process in order to introduce possible improvements. They also reserve the right to turn to a third Referee in case of conflict between two opinions and then decide whether to publish or not a paper that cannot be resolved internally. Collaboration with a Referee will be permanently interrupted if – in one or more moments – times and ways provided by the evaluation procedure are not respected.

Errors in published articles – Scientific Director and Scientific Committe are always available to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies if need be.


Duties of Referees

Contribution to Editorial Decision – Peer Review is a procedure that helps the Scientific Director and Scientific Committe make decisions on proposed papers and can help the Author improve his/her paper.

Time respecting – The Referee who does not feel qualified to review the assigned manuscript or knows that he or she is not able to perform the review within the required period, must immediately notify his or her decision to the Scientific Director, renouncing participation in the revision process.

Discretion – Any text, assigned to the Referee anonymously, must be considered confidential. Therefore, such texts should not be discussed with other people without the express permission of the Scientific Director.

Objectivity – The peer-review must be conducted objectively. Any personal judgment on the Author is to be considered inappropriate. Referees are required to adequately motivate their own judgments by filling in a standard form provided to them by the Scientific Director.

Knowledge of the sources – Referees should identify relevant published works that have not been cited by the Authors. Any statement, observation, derivation, or argument previously mentioned should be accompanied by a specific quote. A Referee must also draw the Scientific Director’s attention to any substantive similarity or overlap between the manuscript in question and any other published document he may have personal knowledge of.

Conflict of Interest and Disclosure – Confidential information or indications obtained during the peer-review process should be considered confidential and cannot be used for personal purposes. In case the Referee identifies the authorship of the essay submitted to his assessment and conflicts of interest due to any previous collaboration he or she is required to not accept the evaluation, the same applies in case a competitive situation arises. If the Referee asks for changes to the text as a condition of its publication, and the Scientific Director finds it appropriate, the Scientific Director may verify the adoption by the Author – to the extent that the Author decides to accept them – before giving the final consent to the publication.


Duties of Authors

Originality and plagiarism – Authors are required to submit to the exam for the publication of original and unpublished papers and, if the work and/or words of other Authors have been used, they must be appropriately paraphrased or quoted literally; in any case, the reference to the work of other Authors must always be indicated. The Authors are obliged to quote all publications that have had an influence in determining the nature of the proposed work. Manuscripts must contain sufficient details and references to allow others to replicate the research done.  Fraudulent or voluntarily incorrect statements are unethical and are inadmissible. The Authors of the reports on original research should present an accurate presentation of their work, as well as an objective discussion of its importance. The cited data should be precisely represented in the manuscript that must contain sufficient details and references to allow others to replicate the research done.

Dangers and activities on humans or animals – If the paper refers to the use of chemicals, procedures or equipment that present unusual dangers, the Author must clearly identify them, if experiments or activities on humans or animals are described, the Author should ensure that the manuscript contains a statement that all the procedures have been carried out in compliance with relevant institutional laws and guidelines and that they have been approved by the competent institutional committees. Authors should include a statement, at the end of the manuscript, indicating that informed consent has been obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The right to privacy of human subjects must always be respected.

Multiple, repetitive and/or competing publications – The Author agrees not to publish articles that describe the same search results in more than one journal or volume. To propose the same text simultaneously to more than one journal/volume is ethically incorrect.

Recognizing the Sources – Appropriate recognition of the work of others must always be given. Authors must quote publications that have been influential in determining the nature of their own work. Private information, such as conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, should not be used or reported without the express written permission of the source.

The Authorship of the work – The Author who submits the text for evaluation must ensure that all those who have made a significant contribution to the design, creation and re-elaboration of the research underlying the paper, appear to be co-Authors, and must ensure that they have given their approval to the final version of the paper and the publication of book. If other people have participated significantly in some phases of research, their paper must be explicitly acknowledged. The main Author should ensure that all co-Authors have seen and approved the final version of the document and have accepted their submission for publication.

Conflict of Interest and Disclosure – When presenting their papers to Publishing Series, the Authors implicitly admit that there are no conflicts of interest that may have affected the results achieved or the interpretations proposed. Authors should also indicate any financial sources of the research and/or project that enabled the papers to be achieved.

Errors in Published Articles – When an Author finds a relevant error or inaccuracy in an article, he/she is required to promptly notify the Scientific Director by providing all the necessary information to report any necessary corrections.



The Publishing Series allows the Authors to retain publishing rights without restrictions.

The Publishing Series allows the Authors to hold the copyright without restrictions; however, submitting their paper they agree to the following License for Published Contents.



This Publishing Series is published under Creative Commons Attribution Licence 4.0 (CC-BY).


License scheme | Legal code

This License allows anyone to:

Share: copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.

Adapt: remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.

Under the following terms

Attribution: Users must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made; users may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses them or their use.

No additional restrictions: Users may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.


Users do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.

No warranties are given. The license may not give users all of the permissions necessary for their intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.



This Publishing Series is published under Creative Commons Attribution License (CC0 1.0 Universal) Public Domain Dedication


License scheme | Legal code

This Publishing Series publishes articles metadata are dedicated to the public domain by waiving all publisher’s rights to the work worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights, to the extent allowed by law. You can copy, modify, distribute and perform the work, even for commercial purposes, all without asking permission.




Centro Documentazione e Ricerca Euro-Mediterranea

(Euro-Mediterranean Documentation and Research Center)

Via Alloro n. 3 | 90133 Palermo (Italy)


Prof. Cesare Sposito



Carlo Atzeni (University of Cagliari)

Jose Ballesteros (Polytechnic University of Madrid)

Mario Bisson (Polytechnic of Milano)

Tiziana Campisi (University of Palermo)

Maurizio Carta (University of Palermo)

Xavier Casanovas (Polytechnic of Catalunya)

Giuseppe De Giovanni (University of Palermo)

Clice de Toledo Sanjar Mazzilli (University of São Paulo)

Giuseppe Di Benedetto (University of Palermo)

Manuel Gausa (University of Genova)

Pedro António Janeiro (University of Lisbon)

Massimo Lauria (University of Reggio Calabria)

Francesco Maggio (University of Palermo)

Renato Teofilo Giuseppe Morganti (University of L’Aquila)

Elodie Nourrigat (Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture Montpellier)

Frida Pashako (Epoka University of Tirana)

Monica Rossi-Schwarzenbeck (Leipzig University of Applied Sciences)

Rubén García Rubio (Tulane University, New Orleans)

Dario Russo (University of Palermo)

Francesca Scalisi (DEMETRA Ce.Ri.Med.)

Andrea Sciascia (University of Palermo)

Marco Sosa (Zayed University, Abu Dhabi)

Paolo Tamborrini (Polytechnic of Torino)

Marco Trisciuoglio (Polytechnic of Torino)

€ 45.00

Resilience – Between mitigation and adaptation

Fabrizio Tucci, Cesare Sposito

Project | Essays and Researches

€ 40.00


Giuseppe De Giovanni, Francesca Scalisi

Project | Essays and Researches

€ 28.00

Technological Design

Cesare Sposito, Antonella Violano

Project | Essays and Researches