national identity, architectural heritage, conservation, change of use, cultural enhancementAbstract
In recent years, Qatar, a growing country in the Gulf Regions, has experienced an intense conflict about the national direction of development, oscillating between the construction of a contemporary global image, and the rehabilitation of national heritage to appreciate the local culture. This paper discusses some adaptive re-use interventions, recently concluded on Qatari heritage, which have been compared by adopting the assessment principles of socio-economic, socio-cultural, environmental, and sustainable values. The results show that there are direct relationships between the reuse of Qatar’s heritage, the preservation of traditional materials, the promotion of cultural values, and adaptation to the country’s climate.
Architecture | Research & Experimentation
Assessing the heritage adaptive reuse in Qatar
Silvia Mazzetto, Architect, Conservator and PhD, is an Assistant Professor at the School of Architecture and Interior Design, LAU Lebanese American University, in Beirut (Lebanon). She carries out research activities mainly in the field of preservation and rehabilitation of architectural heritage in Middle Eastern countries, with attention to resilient strategies and complex forms of adaptation to environmental and historical conditions. She has developed many reflections on the relationship between the conservation of heritage and the identity of a new project. These themes are particularly attractive during the transformation and adaptation of reused buildings.
Di Pasquale, L. and Mecca, I. (2016), “L’architettura vernacolare come modello codificato per il progetto contemporaneo sostenibile | Vernacular architecture as codified model for the contemporary sustainable project”, in Techne | Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment, vol. 12, pp. 190-198. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.13128/Techne-19352 [Accessed 15 December 2019].
Eddisford, D. and Carter, R. (2017), “The vernacular architecture of Doha, Qatar”, in Post-Medieval Archaeology, vol. 51, issue 1, pp. 81-107. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1080/00794236.2017.1320918 [Accessed 15 December 2019].
Furlan, R. (2016), “Modern and Vernacular Settlements in Doha: An Urban Planning Strategy to Pursue Modernity and Consolidate Cultural Identity”, in Arts and Social Sciences Journal, vol. 7, issue 2, pp. 171-176. [Online] Available at: www.omicsonline.org/open-access/modern-and-vernacular-settlements-in-doha-an-urban-planning-strategyto-pursue-modernity-and-consolidate-cultural-identity-2151-6200-1000171.php?aid=71971 [Accessed 15 December 2019].
Furlan, R. and Faggion, L. (2017), “Urban regeneration of GCC cities: preserving the urban fabric’s cultural heritage and social complexity”, in Journal of Historical Archaeology & Anthropological Sciences, vol. 1, issue 1, pp 14-18. [Online] Available at: medcraveonline.com/JHAAS/JHAAS-01-00004.pdf [Accessed 15 December 2019].
Furlan, R., Petruccioli, A. and Jamaleddin, M. (2019), “The authenticity of place-making: Space and character of the regenerated historic district in Msheireb, Downtown Doha (State of Qatar)”, in Archnet-IJAR | International Journal of Architectural Research, vol. 13, issue 1, pp. 151-168. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1108/ARCH-11-2018-0009 [Accessed 15 December 2019].
Jaidah, I. M. and Bourennane, M. (2009), The History of Qatari Architecture (1800-1950), Skira, Milano.
Kahraman, G. and Carter, R. (2019), “Adaptation of heritage architecture in Al Asmakh, Doha: insights into an urban environment of the Gulf”, in Post-Medieval Archaeology, vol. 53, issue 1 pp. 38-65. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1080/00794236.2019.1601385 [Accessed 15 December 2019].
Landorf, C. (2009), “A Framework for Sustainable Heritage Management: A Study of UK Industrial Heritage Sites”, in International Journal of Heritage Studies, vol. 15, issue 6, pp. 494-510. [Online] Available at: www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13527250903210795 [Accessed 10 October 2019].
Mazzetto, S. (2018a), “Heritage Restoration as a Tool to Promote the Architectural Identity in the Gulf Regions”, in Preservation, Digital Technology & Culture, vol. 47, issue 1, pp. 3-11. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1515/pdtc-2017-0015 [Accessed 5 November 2019].
Mazzetto, S. (2018b), “Evaluation of the Impact of Sustainability Principles on Adaptive Reuse Interventions: The Case of Qatari Heritage Experience”, in Architecture Research, vol. 8, issue 4, pp. 129-137. [Online] Available at: article.sapub.org/10.5923.j.arch.20180804.03.html [Accessed 5 November 2019].
Mazzetto, S. and Petruccioli, A. (2018), “Methods and Techniques Used in Significant Restoration Projects in Qatar”, in Studies in Conservation, vol. 63, issue 5, pp. 303-314. [Online] Available at: www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00393630.2017.1338932?journalCode=ysic20 [Accessed 5 November 2019].
Miccoli, S., Finucci, F. and Murro, R. (2014), “Social Evaluation Approaches in Landscape Projects”, in Sustainability, vol. 6, issue 11, pp. 7906-7920. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.3390/su6117906 [Accessed 5 November 2019].
Radoine, H. (2010), Souq Waqif – Doha, Qatar – 2010 On Site Review Report. [Online] Available at: s3.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/media.archnet.org/system/publications/contents/1924/original/FLS2286.pdf?1384754823 [Accessed 15 December 2019].
Salama, A. M. and Wiedmann, F. (2013), Demystifying Doha – On Architecture and Urbanism in an Emerging City, Ashgate, Farnham.
UN General Assembly (2015), Transforming our world –The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. [Online]Available at: www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/migration/generalassembly/docs/globalcompact/A_RES_70_1_E.pdf [Accessed 5 November 2019].
UNESCO-ICOMOS Documentation Centre (2010), Management Plans and the World Heritage Convention – A Bibliography. [Online] Available at: www.icomos.org/centre_documentation/bib/Management_plans_bibliography.pdf [Accessed 5 November 2019].